Within this brief history, it is also important to mention the city of Canberra, as it now stands as the capital city of Australia. Within the early development of the ACT, it was decided that a new city should be established within the capital territory. A competition for the design of the city was opened. Participants from all over the world submitted their plans for what would become an Australian icon.
The winner of this competition, Chicago architect Walter Burley Griffin, proposed a design that had an abundance of geometric patterns, incorporated concentric hexagonal and octagonal streets emanating from several centres. It had, as its centrepiece, an elaborate lake composed of smaller bodies of water, with extensive natural vegetation around it. The lakes and geometry were deliberately designed so that their orientation was related to various natural topographical landmarks. It was further intended that buildings of national significance and natural landmarks would align with these geometric axes.
Construction would commence on this project in 1913 and would continue over the next 70-years; slowly but surely, though, Canberra began to take shape. With the completion of New Parliament House in 1988, it could be said that Walter’s plan had finally come to life. Though, being a City, it will never stop growing.